Evergreen Shrubs

broadleafevergreenslr_pcojen

broadleafevergreenslr_pcojen

Evergreens are some of the lowest maintenance plants for your landscape.  In addition, they provide year-round color and structure.  There are two types of evergreen shrubs for our area, broadleaf types (think ‘leafy’ such as boxwood and holly) and needled types (think pine and juniper).    Since both hold onto their foliage in winter—a drying, windy time in Colorado-- be sure to give them winter water for best results.  Also, make sure you site your shrub in the location it prefers.   Some prefer morning sun in protected locations while others can take exposed, sunny spots.

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs
Needled Evergreen Shrubs

TIP:  Some evergreen shrubs respond well to an anti-transpirant spray (such as Wilt Pruf), to help protect agains winter dessication.

Please Note:  In stock availability of specific varieties listed below will vary depending upon time of season and sales.   Please call (719) 574-8058 for current availability.

 Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs 

Boxwood (Buxus) 

Green Mountain Boxwood
buxusgreenmountainboxwood_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries

Height:  5’

Spread: 3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:   Upright form.  Glossy dark green leaves.  May be pruned to maintain shape and/or used as a hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Zone 5.


Winter Gem Boxwood (Korean Boxwood)

Height:  2'-3’

Spread:  2'-3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:  Rounded shape and deep green leaves.    May be used as a low hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Slow growing.


Broom, Spanish Types (Cytisus)

Spanish Gold Broom
cytisuspurgansspanishgoldbroom_photocourtesyplantselect
Photo Courtesy Plant Select

Height:  3’-5’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Leafless shrub with slender green branches and a rounded shape.  One of the hardiest brooms for our area.  Bright yellow flowers appear in Spring.  Zone 4


Euonymus

 Although adaptable to full sun, all appreciate protection from winter sun and winds.

Emerald Gaiety

euonymus_emeraldgaiety_pcojenHeight: 4’-5’

Spread:  4’-5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade location but will also adapt to full shade or full sun.

Other Notes:  Green leaves with white margins.  Slow growing.  Irregular spreading habit is easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.


Manhattan

euonymusmanhattan_pcojenHeight:  3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:   Shade or morning sun is best

Other Notes:  Glossy, dark green leaves.  Ideal for an informal hedge or specimen plant.  Protect from winter wind.


Sarcoxie

euonymussarcoxie_pcojenHeight:3’-5’

Spread: 3’-5’

Exposure: Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Glossy green leaves.  Can be used as a small hedge.  Protect from winter wind.


Gold Leaf Varieties:

Canandale Gold

Height:  2'-3' 

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Another gold leaf variety.  Very pretty for a bright pop of yellow.  


Emerald 'N Gold

euonymusemeraldngold_pcojenHeight:  2’

Spread: Up to 5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Dark green leaves with a bright gold margin.  Slow growing.  Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover.  Easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.


Moonshadow

euonymus_moonshadow_pcojenHeight:  2'-3'

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes: Variegation of deep green leaves with a deep gold margin. Slow growing. Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover. Easily shaped with light pruning. 


Grape Holly (Mahonia)

Oregon Grape Holly (aquifolium)
mahoniacompact_photocourtesyfisherfarms
Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms
mahoniaupright_pcojen
Winter Color

Height:    5’-6’

Spread:  5’-6’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  Medium green holly-like leaves turn bronze red in the Fall.  Yellow flowers in spring are followed by blue berries in mid-summer.


Compact Oregon Grape Holly

Height:    3’-3’

Spread:  3’-3’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  A dwarf version of standard Oregon Grape Holley.  All the same wonderful qualities in a smaller package.  


Creeping Mahonia (repens)
mahoniarepenscreeping_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: up to 4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, or full sun.

Other Notes:  Low spreading type of grape holly.  Makes a wonderful groundcover with pretty fall colors of purple-red tones.  Yellow flowers in spring followed by blue berries in mid-summer.


Holly (Ilex)

Blue Prince (Male) /Blue Princess (Female)
ilexblueprince_princess_pcojen
Summer
ilexhollyprincessboygirllr_pcojen
Winter

Height:  4’-6’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade to LIGHT morning sun

Other Notes:  Deep green leaves.  Extremely slow growing.  Very pretty holly berries are produced only on female shrubs and require pollination from a male.  (can plant multiple female shrubs to one male shrub)  Prefers a moist location.


Kinnikinnick a.k.a. Bearberry (Arctostyphylos)

Height: 4"-12"

Spread: 3' and up to 6'

Bloom Color: White tinged with pink bell-shaped dainty flowers

Season of Bloom: Spring

Other Notes: A low growing woody groundcover. Flowers are followed by small red fruit. Glossy bright green foliage turns reddish in winter. Evergreen, shrubby ground cover. Can planted in shade, part sun, or sun.


Massachusetts
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries

Height: 6"-12"

Spread: 2'-4'

Bloom Color: White tinged with pink bell-shaped dainty flowers followed by red berries in Fall

Season of Bloom: Spring

Other Notes: A disease resistant selection with smaller leaves. Excellent evergreen groundcover native to the U.S. with fine foliage and scarlet red fruit. Thrives in sandy soil and hot sun.


Manzanita (Arctostyphylos x coloradoensis)

Variety: 'Panchito'

Height: 10"-15"

Spread: 3' and up to 6'

Bloom Color: Tiny white bell-shaped flowers

Season of Bloom: Spring

Fall Foliage: Red-purplish in good light

Other Notes: A low growing woody groundcover. Outstanding selection of a native, broadleaf evergreen from the Uncompaghre Plateau in western Colorado. Tiny, waxy, white, urn-shaped flowers are very appealing. Small red berries can be produced on established plants. Plant in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant once established. Can also be grown in part sun.


Pyracantha / Fireweed

Gnome

pyracanthasummer_pcojenpyracanthagnomeberriesfall_pcojenHeight:  4’-6’

Spread:  3’-4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, full sun

Other Notes:  White spring flowers are followed by showy clusters of bright orange berries that hold through winter.  Plant in a place where it won’t receive drying winter winds.  A good candidate for espalier against a wall or fence.


Rhododendron / AZALEA

Rosy Lights Azalea
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries

Height: 4’-5'

Spread: 5’-6’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: 'Rosy Lights' is a dark rose-pink. A spectacular display of fragrant flowers are produced in late May or early June. Flower buds are winter hardy to -45°F. From the University of Minnesota.  Zone 4. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.


Yucca

Yucca filimentosa (Adam's Needle Yucca)

Height: 3'

Spread: 3’-4'

Exposure: Full sun.

Other Notes:  Traditional drought tolerant yucca. Creamy yellow flower spikes in summer. Drought tolerant.


Yucca 'Bright Edge'

Height: 3'

Spread: 3’-4'

Exposure: Full sun.

Other Notes: A decorative variegated yucca. Leaves are edged in bright yellow. Drought tolerant.  Creamy flower spikes in summer.


Needled Evergreen Shrubs

Arborvitae (Thuja)

Woodward Globe

thujawoodwardglobearborvitae_photocourtesybaileynurseriesincHeight: 3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:  Does best in shady or morning sun locations.

Other Notes:   Deep green in summer.  Takes on a bronze color in winter.  Rounded form.  Plant in a place where it will not receive a lot of wind exposure as this causes browning.  Prefers a moist spot.


Juniper

Junipers are a versatile group of evergreens.  Some stay very low to provide a wide groundcover while others are tall and can be used as evergreen screens.   Some have a silvery blue cast while others are deep green.  They all do well here and are quite drought tolerant once established.   However, Colorado has very drying winter winds that can be tough on evergreens.   Although they do well in a windy, exposed spot—it is essential to give them winter water for best performance. 

Low Creeping Type Junipers

Blue, green, and golden foliage types.  Note: Some WILL change color in winter.

Blue Chip
juniperbluechip_pcojen

Height:  8"-12” 

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Very low growing with a moderate spread.  Silvery blue foliage has an arching habit.  Turns a plum color in the winter.


Blue Star 

juniperbluestar_pcojenHeight: 18”-24”

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Dwarf form with silvery-blue needles that are shorter than other types of juniper. They cluster into a star-like shape. Does best when planted in a location that is protected from winter wind.


Buffalo 

juniperbuffalowide_pcojenjuniperbuffalo_pcojenHeight:  12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

juniperbuffaloberry_pcojenOther Notes:  Low growing with a large spread.  Bright foliage gives a blast of green especially in the height of winter.  Juniper berries are blue.

        


Hughes 

juniperhughes_pcojenHeight: 12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Low growing variety with a large spread.  Steel-blue foliage during warm months.  Takes on a purple tinge in winter.


Taller Hedge Type Spreading Junipers 

Old Gold

juniperoldgold_pcojenHeight: 3’-4’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: New growth is a bright yellow. Good shrub for contrast.


Pine (Pinus) 

Mugo Pine Varieties

Big Tuna Mugo Pine
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Height: 6’-15’

Spread: 6’-10’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: A large shrub or small tree. Deep, dark green, and DENSE! Very nice selection for a smaller space. Upright, broad shape at maturity. Showy buds in winter stand out against deep green foliage. Plant in well drained soil.


Mops
pinusmugomops_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Height: 3'

Spread: 3'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Grows in a low dense dome shape. Dwarf in habit. Stays compact even without annual pruning. Plant in well drained soil.


Slowmound Mugo Pine

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: A high quality evergreen garden shrub with an extremely dense, mounded habit of growth throughout its life, very compact and slow growing, rugged and hardy. 


White Bud Mugo Pine

Height: 2’

Spread: 4’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Dark green needles with a short, broad form. Derives its name from the fact that, in winter, each terminal bud is covered in white resin. Against the green needles, this trait gives it a ‘frosted’ effect. Plant in well drained soil.


Dwarf Pine Varieties

Dwarf 'Nana' White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

Height: 3'-4'

Spread: 4'-6'

Exposure: Partial Sun

Other Notes: Unique evergreen shrub with soft, blue-green needles and mounded form. Great shrub for borders. Partial sun, moist, well-drained soil.


Spaan's Dwarf Shore Pine (Pinus contorta)

Height: 3’

Spread: 4’

Exposure: Morning or Filtered Sun

Other Notes: An unusual pine that will become wider than tall with age. This dwarf evergreen has an open, irregular habit. Another great candidate for bonsai enthusiasts. Very slow growing. Will take at least 10 years to reach mature size. Plant in well-drained soil.


Spruce (Picea)

Globe Blue Spruce 

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Height:  3’-5’

Spread: 4’-5’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Beautiful round shrub form of blue spruce.  Requires winter water and likes consistent moisture during the growing season.


Bird's Nest Norway Spruce
piceaabiesnidiformisbirdsnestspruce_pcojen

Height: 3’

Spread: 2’-3’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: A beautiful dwarf spruce, broad, dense and slow growing. Light green foliage on spreading branches rises up slightly with nodding tips. A distinctive plant for rock gardens or specimen use. Hardy, best in full sun or minimal shade. 


Little Gem Norway Spruce 

Height: 18"-24"

Spread: 18"-24"

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Globe-shaped dwarf spruce with light green needles on compact branches. Requires winter water. Does best in a location that does not receive drying winter winds. Great shrub for small space. Provide consistent moisture and well-drained soil.


 

 

Yew (Taxus)

Spreading Yew / Densiformis

taxisdensiformis_pcojenHeight:  4’-6’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun.

Other Notes:  Dense rounded form.  Provide consistent moisture and site in a location that is protected from drying winter winds.  Caution:  Yew seeds within the bright red berries and foliage are poisonous.  Keep away from children.


 

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