Fruit Trees

cherrytree_pcojen

Fruit Trees...Types and Growing Considerations

cherrytree_pcojenFruit trees not only provide a beautiful display during spring, they have the added bonus of offering fruit later in the season. They come in three sizes: dwarf (6-8'), semi-dwarf (8'-12') and standard (15'-20'). We offer mostly semi-dwarf trees and a few dwarf sizes as these sizes are most easily harvested by home gardeners.  Fruit trees are either self-fertile, meaning no pollenizer is required, OR they will require a pollenizer. This means that you must plant at least two different varieties that bloom at approximately the same time so that cross-pollination will occur to produce fruit. We've listed pollenizer needs below.

Fruit trees can be a beautiful and bountiful addition to your yard. However, they do require yearly care to maintain health and vigor. See our list of things to consider when planting fruit trees in a home garden.

Click here for Colorado State University Extension's articles for fruit trees.

Please Note:  In stock availability of specific varieties listed below will vary depending upon time of season and sales.  Please call (719) 574-8058 for current availability.  

APPLE (Malus)

malusapplevarieties_pcojen

Apples are one of the most reliable producers you can grow.  However, there are some specific things you should know.  Most apple trees are not self-fertile, which means you should plant two different varieties for your apple trees to be productive.Self-fruitful varieties do exist. But, they will bear more fruit when planted with another variety that blooms at approximately the same time.Pair 

up varieties that fall within or ‘bracket’ your desired tree’s bloom time. For example: Midseason bloomers can be planted with early, midseason or late bloomers. Late season bloomers should be planted with Midseason or other late season bloomers.Apples can also be pollenized by a crabapple. With a few exceptions, the majority of crabapples will pollenize early to midseason bloomers, not late bloomers.  

Want to grow fruit in a small space?  Consider training your tree into an espalier form. Pictured is an apple tree from the Denver Botanic Gardens that employed this method. Espalier is accomplished via a combination of regular pruning and the tying of branches to train the growth of the tree.   


Columnar Apple Trees For Small Spaces:

Want to grow your own fresh fruit but don't have the space? These trees have been developed to grow in a columnar form, making them easy to fit into a small landscape. Fruit forms close to the trunk on short growing 'spurs' instead of typical branches. At maturity, they will be 8'-10' tall and 2'-3' wide. Plant at least two different varieties to ensure good pollination. They will also pollenize with a standard apple tree as long as it is a mid-season bloomer.

Blushing Delight: Blushed reddish-green fruit with a sweet flavor
Tasty Red: Bright red with sweet juicy flavor.
Tangy Green: Lime green apples with a crisp, tart taste

 

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc
Haralson

(requires pollenizer)

A natural semi-dwarf tree that produces medium-sized red fruit. Hard, crisp and tart. Good dual purpose apple. Often bears fruit the first year. Keeps well, will store until March. Fine hardy, winter variety.

malusmcintoshapple_photocourtesyofbaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
McIntosh

(requires pollenizer)

A well-known older apple that has a sprightly flavor and a medium storage life. Nearly solid, bright red skin. Heavy bearer. Good for eating and baking. Fruit tends to drop when ripe.

Yellow Delicious

(Self-fertile -- but will produce heavier with a pollenizer.)

Medium sized apple. Round golden yellow color. Firm, crisp, juicy. Good for cooking and fresh eating. Matures late.

malushoneycrispapple_photocourtesyofbaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc
Honeycrisp

(requires pollenizer)

An exciting apple that is exceptionally crisp and juicy. Flavor is sweet but well-balanced. Excellent storage life, up to 7 months. Has been rated equal to or higher in overall quality than 'Haralson', 'Honeygold' or 'Keepsake' in winter storage trials. Ripens in late September and stores like a late season variety. Crabapple 'Indian Summer' is a good pollinator.

Royal Gala

(requires pollenizer)

Branch sport of 'Gala', New Zealand, 1969. Great early season apple with crisp firm fruit. Fine-grained texture and excellent flavor makes a sweet snack fresh or baked.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Honeygold

(requires pollenizer)

Medium to large, yellow apple. Fruit is crisp, juicy and sweet. Excellent for eating as well as cooking. Medium storage life. Similar to Golden 'Delicious', but hardier. Zone 4.

malussweetsixteenapple_pcobaileynurseriesinc

Sweet Sixteen

(requires pollenizer)

Medium-sized red striped apple with crisp, juicy texture. Excellent sweet, unusual flavor - like cherry candy. Outstanding dessert apple. Fire blight resistant.

CHERRY (Prunus)

 cherrytree_pcojenCherries are some of the easiest fruit trees to grow in Colorado.   They are hardy, are naturally disease and insect resistant, and offer beautiful bark. 


Sour Cherries

prunusevansbalicherry_photocourtesyofbaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Evans Bali

(self-fertile)

This type is actually a cross between a sweet and sour cherry. Deep, dark red fruit 1" in diameter. Excellent for baking and fresh eating. The fruit is much sweeter than other sour cherries. Extremely hardy buds.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc
North Star

Genetic dwarf introduced by the University of MN in 1950. Average size is 8'-10' H x 8'-10 wide. Red fruit with a small stone. Very productive. A sour pie cherry. Blooms in May.  Zone 4.

prunusmontmorencycherry_pcobaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Montmorency

(self-fertile)

Large red, tart fruit for pies or preserves.  A very productive sour pie cherry with minimal disease or pest problems.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Sweet Cherry Pie

From Wisconsin orchardist Bill Eubank, this new sour pie cherry has the sweetest tasting cherries of sour cherry types. Although not quite for fresh eating like a Bing, they are fantastic for jams, jellies and pies. A great tree for the home orchard.  Approximate mature size is 15' H x 12' W. Zone 4.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Meteor

Genetic dwarf introduced by the University of MN in 1952. Large, bright red fruit. Mildly acid in flavor. Fine for sauce or pie. Similar to 'North Star' in that it is naturally dwarf in size.  Mature size is compact at only 10'-14' H x 8'-12" wide.  A good choice for smaller spaces.  Sour pie cherry -- blooms in May.

Sweet Cherries

Stella

(self-fertile but will produce even more when planted with a Rainier or Bing)

Black skin and flesh. This sweet cherry has juicy flesh and is moderately firm.

PEACH (Prunus)

Reliance Peach Tree in Bloom

Peach trees are early bloomers and are all self-fertile. Most ripen in late July-August.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Contender

(self-fertile)

A freestone peach with bright yellow flesh. Matches 'Reliance' in cold-hardiness and tolerance of spring frosts. Sweet, extra-juicy fruit is an absolute delight for fresh eating, canning, baking, and freezing. Self-pollinating. 'Contender' ripens mid-to late August.

Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Redhaven

(self-fertile)

One of the finest early peaches. Colors a beautiful red and golden yellow. Flesh is firm, smooth textured and fine flavored. Fruit is medium size, round, uniform and appealing. Good for freezing, canning, and shipping. Disease resistant. One of the hardier  and most widely planted peaches. Fruit sets heavily, must be thinned to reach size.  Zone 5.

Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Elberta

(self-fertile)

Produces firm, yellow fleshed freestone fruit. Can be eaten fresh or used for canning.  Zone 5

prunusreliancepeach_photocourtesyofbaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Reliance

(self-fertile)

The hardiest yellow-fleshed freestone peach available. Medium sized, roundish, yellow-fleshed peach that ripens with 'Redhaven'. Has a rather dull blush over green-yellow color. Flesh is bright yellow, rather soft and juicy.

Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Pix Zee

(self fertile) - DWARF!

Don’t let the small size of this tree fool you! It delivers big crops of large, firm, yellow, flavorful freestone peaches. Fruits ripen early to midseason. Orange skin is overlaid with a red blush. A vigorous grower as it reaches a mature height of about six feet; its compact size is perfect for smaller yards. Zone 5.

PEAR (Pyrus)

pearbartlett_pcojenPears require the most pollination of all of the fruits, so bees are very important along with planting multiple pear trees.

 


Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Bartlett

(partially self fruitful but bears heavier with a pollenizer)

A variety favored by generations and arguably the world’s most popular pear, Bartlett bears medium to large fruit with green skin that ripens to a golden yellow. Tender, sweet fruit has smooth texture and flavor that make it a favorite for eating fresh. Vigorous grower bears heavily and consistently, ripening late midseason. Self-fruitful in most climates of the West, D’Anjou is a good home orchard companion if an additional pollenizer is needed. It may also be pollenized by Bosc, Winter Nelis and D’Anjou. Zone 5

PLUM (Prunus)

Toka plum in bloom

plums_pcojenPlums are another reliable fruit tree in our area.  We offer both European and Japanese types as well as some hybrids.  Most European type plums will set fruit with their own pollen, but will produce better crops with pollenizers nearby.   While SOME Japanese plums are self-fertile, most will require require a pollenizer.  According to the CSU Extension service, you should not use European varieties to pollenize Japanese types because their bloom times are different.  Look to European types to pollenize each other.  Ditto for Japanese types.  See variety specific information below.

BlackIce

(requires a pollenizer - Toka is a good choice for this)
BlackIce™ is another hybrid cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large blue-black fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. Has been shown to be hardy and produce fruit in USDA zone 3b. Naturally compact growth habit makes it easy to manage. Flesh is sweet and yellow.

Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Santa Rosa

(self-fertile)

A medium large, red Japanese plum with firm, sweet, juicy yellow flesh. Bears mid-July and is great for fresh eating, cooking and canning. A good pollenizer r for many types of plums. Zone 5.

Photo Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Elephant Heart

(pollenize with a Santa Rosa)

Japanese plum with large, dark reddish-purple fruit with purple-red sweet flesh. A freestone type to be eaten fresh. Good for canning. Zone 5

Photo Courtesy Willoway Nurseries
Stanley

(self-fertile)

European plum with dark blue skin and yellow flesh. Freestone.
Ripens in September. A good producer.

prunusmountroyalplum_photocourtesyofbaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Mount Royal

(self-fertile)

Medium sized, round blue, European plum. Good eaten fresh off the tree. Excellent for dessert, jam and preserves. Tender, juicy yellow flesh.

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries
Toka

(self-fertile but will produce heavier with another variety nearby)

Toka (a.k.a Bubblegum Plum) is a hybrid (American and Japanese) plum with medium-sized red skinned fruit. Richly flavored with beautiful apricot flesh. One of the best pollinators of all the plums. White blooms. Fruit ripens in late August or early September.

Serviceberry

Photos Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc
amelanchierserviceberryautumnbrilliance_pcobaileynurseriesincAutumn Brilliance Serviceberry

Height: 20-25'

Spread: 18'-20'

Flowers: Profuse white flowers in spring.

Fall Color: Yellow, Orange, Red leaves.


Photos Courtesy J Frank Schmidt
Spring Flurry

Height: 28'

Spread: 20'

Flowers: Clusters of white flowers in spring.

Fall Color: Orange-red leaves

Other Notes: A tree form serviceberry with a strong central leader.  As with other serviceberries, it produces edible 3/8" blue fruit in summer.  An ornamental tree that gives flowers in Spring and a good show of color in the Fall.  Upright oval shape.

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